Validation and clinical implication of adopting GLI-2012 reference values

Several studies have addressed the validity of the GLI-2012 model for spirometric indices in different populations, as well as the impact of adopting the predicted values on the clinical interpretation of test results.
 

Validation of the GLI-2012 predicted values

  1. Hall GL, Thompson BR, Stanojevic S, et al. The Global Lung Initiative 2012 reference values reflect contemporary Australasian spirometry. Respirology 2012; 17(7): 1150-1151.
  2. Brazzale DJ, Hall G, Pretto JJ. Effects of adopting the new global lung function initiative 2012 reference equations on the interpretation of spirometry. Respiration 2013; 86(3): 183-189.
  3. Quanjer PH, Hall GL, Stanojevic S, Cole TJ, Stocks J, Global Lungs Initiative. Age- and height-based prediction bias in spirometry reference equations. Eur Respir J 2012; 40(1): 190-197.
  4. Ben Saad H, El Attar MN, Hadj Mabrouk K, et al. The recent multi-ethnic global lung initiative 2012 (GLI2012) reference values don't reflect contemporary adult's North African spirometry. Respir Med 2013; 107(12): 2000-2008.
  5. Vaz Fragoso CA, McAvay G, Gill TM, Concato J, Quanjer PH, Van Ness PH. Ethnic differences in respiratory impairment. Thorax 2014; 69(1): 55-62.
  6. Bruel Tronchon N, Frappe E, Chomette Ballereau S, Barthelemy JC, Costes F. Prediction of pulmonary restriction from forced vital capacity in elderly is similar using GLI and ERS equations. Lung 2014; 192(5): 775-779.
  7. Pereira CA, Duarte AA, Gimenez A, Soares MR. Comparison between reference values for FVC, FEV1, and FEV1/FVC ratio in White adults in Brazil and those suggested by the Global Lung Function Initiative 2012. J Bras Pneumol 2014; 40(4): 397-402.
  8. Karunanayake CP, Dosman JA, Hagel L, Rennie DC, Lawson JA, et al. Reference values of pulmonary function tests for rural Canadians. Int J Respir Pulm Med 2015; 2: 021.
  9. Ratomaharo J, Linares Perdomo O, Collingridge DS, et al. Spirometric reference values for Malagasy adults aged 18-73 years. Eur Respir J 2015; 45(4): 1046-1054.
  10. Backman H, Lindberg A, Sovijarvi A, Larsson K, Lundback B, Ronmark E. Evaluation of the global lung function initiative 2012 reference values for spirometry in a Swedish population sample. BMC Pulm Med 2015; 15: 26.
  11. Piccioni P, Tassinari R, Carosso A, Carena C, Bugiani M, Bono R. Lung function changes from childhood to adolescence: a seven-year follow-up study. BMC Pulm Med 2015; 15: 31.
  12. Sonnappa S, Lum S, Kirkby J, et al. Disparities in pulmonary function in healthy children across the Indian urban-rural continuum. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2015; 191(1): 79-86.
  13. Quanjer PH, Kubota M, Kobayashi H, et al. Secular changes in relative leg length confound height-based spirometric reference values. Chest 2015; 147(3): 792-797.
     

Clinical implications of adopting the GLI-2012 predicted values

  1. Brazzale DJ, Hall G, Pretto JJ. Effects of adopting the new global lung function initiative 2012 reference equations on the interpretation of spirometry. Respiration 2013; 86(3): 183-189.
  2. Stanojevic S, Stocks J, Bountziouka V, et al. The impact of switching to the new global lung function initiative equations on spirometry results in the UK CF registry. J Cyst Fibros 2014; 13(3): 319-327.
  3. Quanjer PH, Brazzale DJ, Boros PW, Pretto JJ. Implications of adopting the Global Lungs Initiative 2012 all-age reference equations for spirometry. Eur Respir J 2013; 42(4): 1046-1054.
  4. Stanojevic S, Stocks J, Bountziouka et al. The impact of switching to the new global lung function initiative equations on spirometry results in the UK CF registry. J Cyst Fibros 2014; 13(3): 319-327.
  5. Quanjer PH, Weiner DJ, Pretto JJ, Brazzale DJ, Boros PW. Measurement of FEF25-75% and FEF75% does not contribute to clinical decision making. Eur Respir J 2014; 43(4): 1051-1058.
  6. Sluga R, Smeele IJ, Lucas AE, Thoonen BP, Grootens-Stekelenburg JG, Heijdra YF, Schermer TR. Impact of switching to new spirometric reference equations on severity staging of airflow obstruction in COPD: a crosssectional observational study in primary care. Prim Care Respir J 2014; 23(1), 85-91.
  7. Quanjer PH, Weiner DJ. Interpretative consequences of adopting the Global Lungs 2012 reference equations for spirometry for children and adolescents. Pediatr Pulmonol 2014; 49(2): 118-125.
  8. Stanojevic S, Bilton D, McDonald A, et al. Global Lung Function Initiative equations improve interpretation of FEV1 decline among patients with cystic fibrosis. Eur Respir J 2015; 46(1): 262-264.
  9. Peradzynska J, Krenke K, Szylling A, Krenke R, Kulus M. The Influence of the reference values on the interpretation of lung function in children: comparison of Global Lung Initiative 2012 and Polish 1998 reference values. Adv Exp Med Biol 2015; 858: 31-38.
  10. Turkeshi E, Vaes B, Andreeva E, Mathei C, Adriaensen W, Van Pottelbergh G, Degryse JM. Airflow limitation by the Global Lungs Initiative equations in a cohort of very old adults. Eur Respir J 2015; 46(1): 123-132.