Background: High compliance level determines better control on asthma symptoms. The characteristics of patients, that influence compliance level have not already been investigated enough.
The aim: to study factors, which have an influence on compliance level among patients with mild asthma and to reveal dependences.
Methods: 149 patients with mild asthma were included (mean age: 40.6 SD=15.1, females: 64.4%). Patients were examined using the following questionnaires: Compliance Index Assessment Questionnaire to detect compliance index, ACT test and the questionnaire that includes questions concerning educational level, religion, smoking habits, social status, knowledge about asthma, self assessment of asthma control.
Results: There was no evidence that gender or age influenced significantly on compliance. We observed significantly high compliance index among non smoking patients (p<0.05, r=0.43).The lowest compliance index was revealed in householders in comparison with other social groups. The unemployeds showed the highest compliance index (M=72.2%, p<0.05).The significant correlations between self assessment of asthma control and compliance index (r=0.35) and between compliance index and knowledge about asthma (r=0.43) were revealed. Patients who received the information about asthma, obtained significantly high compliance index (M=67.2% and uninformed patients – M=49.9% (p<0.05). There was also significant correlation between ACT score and compliance index (r=0.36, p<0.05).
Conclusions: Our study has confirmed various factors‘ influence on complaince. Much attention is payed to the patient‘s level of knowledge about asthma, which leads to increasing compliance level. Thus we can improve the asthma control.