Abstract

Bronchoscopy with endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) is considered to be a safe procedure and is far less invasive than mediastinoscopy or percutaneous needle biopsy. It has been increasingly utilised for the diagnosis of sarcoidosis and unexplained mediastinal adenopathy, and for lung cancer staging. Complications from EBUS-TBNA are rare. Complications that have been reported are haemorrhages, pneumothorax, infectious complications like mediastinitis, pleuropericarditis, abscess, respiratory failure, airway injury and hypotension. Some of the patients also require intervention like tube drainage for pneumothorax [1].